Scholastic learning in late 15th C Italy: One very small snapshot

Today I picked up an ILL book which I’d requested for reasons entirely unrelated to philosophy/logic:

Cesare Cenci, Documentazione di vita assisana 1300-1530, volume II: 1449-1530 (Grottaferrata: Collegii S. Bonaventurae ad Claras Aquas, 1975).

Apparently, no one in Manchester is greatly enthused by Assisi, since virtually all of the pages were still uncut. I spent the better part of an hour this afternoon cutting them, which means I glanced at almost every page.

Capital letters catch my eye, and when I saw a Boetius, my first thought was “Huh, that’s a bit unusual in 15th C Italy, someone’s parents were clearly influenced by antiquity”, until I read the next phrase, de consolatione. Oh! It is the antique Boethius!

And then I saw super sententias elsewhere in the treatise, and sententie Iohannis Damasceni, and then I was reading from the beginning because here was a huge list of books, and I wanted to know the context.

The context is a donation of books from one Çacharias de Tergesto, a member of the Friars Minor and a warden of Istria, along with Almerichus de Mugla, Angelus de Castagnano, Antonius de Mugla, and Pasqualinus de Ubaldinis, to the Basilica of San Francesco d’Assisi in 1467. Because it is so interesting — and I am sure someone who is working in the transmission of Scholasticism in late 15th C Italy will find this relevant — I am reproducing the list of texts below; items in [square brackets] are notes added by the editor, providing further information identifying the texts:

in primis quatuor volumina cum tabulis conventus [s. Mariae] Venetiarum,: primum volumen est secundus et tertius d. Bonaventure super sententias, secundus Alexandri et quartus Ricardi. Item, 13 quinterni in pergameno, in quibus sunt aliqua Augustini et Gregorii. Item, magister sententiarum completus et sententie Iohannis Damasceni; suus. Item, quadragesimale dictum et pelegrino. Item, conpendium theologice veritatis [Hugonis de Argentina], in pergameno, cum tabulis coopertus. Item, tabula martiniana [Martini de Troppau] decreti et decretalium. Item, Tulius de officiis, cum tabulis et corio rubeo, cuius principium: quanuam te, Marce; finis vero: rebus misterii. Item, Persius [satyrae], cum tabulis et corio albo ad ligaturas; finis vero: liber, amen. Item, quadragesimale quodam in papiro, sine tabulis, cuius principium: voca, operarios; finis vero: ego dico sitio. Item, sermones predicabiles, in papiro, sine tabulis, cuius principium: fecit Deus duo; finis vero: tu es sacerdos. Item, Boetius de consolatione, in pergameno, sine tabulis. Item, Tulius de amicitia et paradoxe, in papiro, sine tabulis. (Charter no. 1)

(As it turned out, I was cutting pages while catching up with a friend who is writing her PhD thesis on parchment making practices, so we paused a moment to squee over the fact that some of these were noted as on parchment and others as on paper.

So, not exactly logic, but still, really cool!

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